1 February 2013, 09:52

Syria may become parliamentary republic – Brahimi

Syria may become parliamentary republic – Brahimi

The UN and Arab League special envoy to Syria, Lakhdar Brahimi, says it is not impossible that presidential rule may be dropped in Syria in favour of parliamentary republic.

This comes in Brahimi’s report to a UN Security Council meeting behind closed doors earlier this week. Journalists obtained the report on Thursday.

According to Brahimi, the Syrian government demands, first of all, that an end be but to a foreign conspiracy, as well as to funding and arming the rebels, while the antigovernment forces, seen in Damascus as terrorists, should lay down arms.

The opposition demands for its part that President Bashar al-Assad should step down. 

Brahimi welcomes Sheikh Khatib's proposal for talks with Damascus 

The UN and Arab League special representative for Syria Lakhdar Brahimi has welcomed a proposal by leader of the opposition Syrian National Coalition Ahmad al-Khatib to engage in talks with government officials.

The UN press service quotes Brahimi as saying that he expects a positive response to the initiative from both Sheikh al-Khatib’s colleagues and Damascus.

Earlier, al-Khatib voiced readiness for talks with the government on certain terms. But his coalition partner, the Syrian National Council, distanced itself from his stand and vowed to keep on fighting against the ruling regime.

Voice of Russia, RIA 

Russia open to Brahimi's initiatives  

Konstantin Garibov

The UN Security Council should respond to the deteriorating situation in Syria, special representative of the UN and the League of Arab States Lahdar Brahimi announced after a closed session of the Security Council. He called for putting an end to the situation when the UN remains passive due to the lack of unanimity about Syria.

It became known on the sidelines of the Security Council’s closed session that Lahdar Brahimi suggested 5-6 ideas that, in his opinion, could give efficiency to the Geneva agreements of the 30th of June 2012. Moscow is willing to study these initiatives. Russia’s permanent representative in the UN Vitaly Churkin said that they could become the basis of the Security Council’s resolution on Syria.

Recently Moscow confirmed its position that the Geneva agreements should remain the basis of settling the Syrian crisis. Lahdar Brahimi agreed with this. These agreements stipulate creating conditions for a dialogue between Damascus and the opposition, establishing a transitory government and deciding whether Bahsar al-Assad should stay in power. Political scientist of the Regnum Internet portal Stanislav Tarasov commented on this:

“The settlement mechanism is available but, unfortunately, the former US Administration, personally Hillary Klinton, as well as Turkey and some other countries are questioning this agreement.”

As a result, the situation in Syria is going from bad to worse. Lahdar Brahimi admits that none of the neighbouring countries are exempt from the consequences of the escalation of the crisis. Co-chairman of the Solidarity Committee with the Syrian People Oleg Fomin shares Lahdar Brahimi’s concern.

“Destabilisation in Syria would have a negative impact on the Palestinian problem because Syria has always been in favour of Palestinians’ right to have a state of their own. The conflict would affect Lebanon as well. Lebanon is actually a continuation of Syria, they did not even have embassies until recently, they always had specific relations. If al-Assad’s regime falls interreligious struggle would start in Syria and Lebanon would also get into the flames of this battle and Turkey as well. The situation in Turkey would be aggravated owing to the problem of Kurds. Kurds are a strong force both in Syria and Turkey and there is a certain connection between them.”

The escalation of the Syrian crisis is whipping up the flow of refugees. Their number has exceeded 700,000 and keeps growing catastrophically. Turkey, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon already cannot cope with this humanitarian problem. The International Donor Conference for Syria which is taking place in Kuwait on the 30th of January intends to raise $1.5mln. Some of this money is meant for assisting refugees. Russia is taking part in the conference along with representatives of about 60 countries and international organisations.

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