24 December 2012, 15:56

Lavrov – Russia supports UN Security Council reform

Lavrov – Russia supports UN Security Council reform
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Russia advocates the expansion of the UN Security Council which implies the inclusion of the new permanent members, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said Monday. He said that India and Brazil could become new permanent members of the UN Security Council. He stressed that the UN Security Council reform is a very delicate task which requires first of all consensus.

The reform based simply on “arithmetic vote” could only increase the divide in the ranks of the UN on this issue, he said.

Discussions about the UN reform started right after the establishment of the organization in 1945. Last time UN Security Council was expanded to 15 members from 11 members in 1965. The number of the permanent members with the right of veto did not change. They are still five – the UK, China, Russia, the US and France. The rest non-permanent members are elected every year on the rotation principle among 193 UN member-states.

Almost all the UN countries find that the organization needs the upgrade of its institutions but they disagree on how to do this.

The new line-up of the UN Security Council must reflect pluralism of the global community, Sergey Lavrov said in an interview with the Russia Today channel.

The recent years have seen discussions about making Brazil, Germany, India and Japan new permanent members of the UN Security Council However China is objecting to give this status to Japan and advocating for South Africa. The structure of the UN Security Council is outdated in terms of its application to the realities of the modern world, Alexander Konovalov, head of the Institute of Strategic Studies says.

"Today it is absolutely unclear why China is a permanent member of the Security Council and India and Brazil are not. But it is a big problem to add new permanent members. The UN has been often reproached for being incapable to take concrete decisions. If they increase the number of permanent members with the right of veto it will complicate the decision taking even more."

According to Evgeny Minchenko, head of the International Institute for political expertise the UN Security Council has problems which are more serious than defining the number of permanent members.

"In recent years some states used different technologies which allowed them to ignore the UN Security Council completely, to start military operations without waiting for the Council’s approval. There have been cases when Security Council adopted resolutions which later found a rather wide interpretation. This was the case with no-fly zone in Libya, which grew into a large scale military operation."

The main stumbling block is the right of veto of 5 permanent UN members. It allows them to block any decision of the organization and they used it many times.

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