02:08 GMT12 August 2020
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    Theresa May has rejected calls for the UK to apologize for the Balfour Declaration, which paved the way for the establishment of an Israeli state in Palestine; however, her speech during a dinner with Benjamin Netanyahu has been criticized by many who say the British bear responsibility for the ensuing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

    Social media users have reacted with criticism to UK Prime Minister Theresa May's statement that the UK is "proud" of the Balfour Declaration, a letter sent from the UK Foreign Secretary on November 2 1917 which declared support for the establishment of the state of Israel in Palestine, then still a region of the Ottoman Empire.

    "We are proud of our pioneering role in the creation of the State of Israel," May said, as she hosted Israeli President Benjamin Netanyahu for a dinner on Thursday to commemorate the centenary of the declaration.

    ​"When some people suggest we should apologize for this letter, I say absolutely not," May said.

    The Balfour Declaration stated that the British government "view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people," and would endeavor to bring this about. 

    ​The wording was later incorporated into the British Mandate for Palestine which was issued by the League of Nations after the war. It declared that the Allies of World War One were "in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.'

    ​​Twitter users were quick to criticize May's view of the declaration. On the one hand, some Israelis accuse the UK of breaking its promise; in 1939 Britain issued a white paper which limited Jewish immigration to Palestine and Jews' rights to buy land from Arabs.

    ​Palestinians regard the document as the beginning of a historical injustice in which a colonial power claimed the right to give away their homeland.

    ​I’m not interested in a British “apology” for Balfour Declaration. What we need is justice. Full restitution first, apologies later.

    ​To mark the occasion, the British street artist Banksy organized a mock "apology party" for Palestinians outside his Walled Off hotel in the West Bank city of Bethlehem. However, the party was interrupted by Palestinians from the nearby Aida refugee camp.

    ​"We came because we didn’t like the use of the British flags or the way they were using Palestinian children," Aida activist Munther Amira, who planted a large Palestinian flag in the middle of a cake, told the Guardian.

    On Thursday, the Palestinian Authority's Foreign Minister Riad Malki told Bloomberg that the government plans to hire a British law firm to lodge a legal claim against Britain in pursuit of an apology and compensation as a result of the declaration. 


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