Joe Biden's fellow Democrats have largely praised his 28 April speech at the US Congress, with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi calling it a "unifying message of resilience, resolve, and hope". However, the Republicans almost immediately issued a rebuttal, criticising the president for further dividing the nation, going on spending sprees and proposing tax hikes.
Although Democrats see Biden's actions as successes, the GOP regards the same activities as failures, says Timothy Hagle, a political science professor at the University of Iowa.
One glaring example is Biden's migration policies, according to the academic. While the Democrats praised the president's decision to reverse Trump's strict border measures and introduce a reform envisaging legalising millions of illegals in the country, the GOP argues that Biden's approach has led to the biggest migrant surge in 20 years.
100 days in—and America is getting back on track.— Joe Biden (@JoeBiden) April 29, 2021
The attempt to list the COVID vaccination programme as Biden's achievement without noticing Donald Trump's Warp Speed effort does not look fair in the eyes of the Republicans. Even before Biden took the reins, Trump nearly met a goal of inoculating 100 million in 100 days by distributing about one million doses a day, on average. At the same time, the passage of Biden's $1.9 trillion COVID recovery package is soured by the fact that it was rammed through the Congress without a single GOP vote.
The most disturbing development of the last 100 days has been the Biden administration’s whole-hearted embrace of the radical left’s all-encompassing, rapidly-escalating war on American traditional values:— Mike Pence (@Mike_Pence) April 30, 2021
Similarly, the Biden administration alone cannot take credit for the US economic recovery, given that the trend took shape under Trump: the US real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 4% in the fourth quarter of 2020 after a historic 33.4% surge in the third quarter.
At the same time, Hagle acknowledges that one hundred days isn't really enough time for those sorts of ambitious plans which Biden has outlined so far.
Furthermore, the first 30 days of Biden's presidency were spent on sending cabinet and administration nominees to the Senate and getting the American Recovery Act passed in Congress, highlights Thomas Sutton, political analyst and professor at Baldwin Wallace University in Ohio. He argues that the president does deserve credit for "cool[ing] the divisiveness of the Trump presidency and post-2020 election challenges".
However, Biden's most significant failure has been the lack of Republican support for his programmes, despite his claim that he would work to get bipartisan support for legislation, acknowledges Sutton.
It is still unclear whether Biden's bold plans announced during his first 100 days will ever fly. Given Democrats' narrow majorities in Congress, it is unclear how the president's $2 trillion infrastructure bill, called the American Jobs Plan, and the $1.8 trillion American Families Plan, will be passed, deems Rubrick Biegon, a lecturer in international relations at the University of Kent.
GOP deficit hawks are criticising the Biden administration for money waste and warning their political opponents against dramatic tax hikes on businesses and the "wealthy", arguing that it could cripple the post-COVID economic revival.
The Democratic Party's odds of passing a comprehensive immigration reform also appear slim, admits Dr. Gal Luft, co-director of the US-based Institute for the Analysis of Global Security, adding that Biden is the first president to call for legalising undocumented migrants and, probably, not the last one.
Biden is doing what he promised. Don’t cry. Hold your Republican friends who voted for this accountable. Ban them from your organizations. It’s a winner-take-all system. Trump or gun control, critical race indoctrination, and abortion. Your “allies” voted for this. Find new ones.— Mike Cernovich (@Cernovich) April 29, 2021
It also seems unlikely that Biden's police reform, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, which passed in the House in March, will make it through the Senate in the nearest future, deems Sutton.
"The best possible option will be compromise legislation based on the bill proposed by South Carolina Republican Senator Tim Scott," he believes.
Our bipartisan bill will foster economic growth, build climate-resilient infrastructure, and help ensure that all Americans have access to clean, safe water. I’m proud that @EPWCmte led the charge in the first infrastructure bill to pass the Senate this Congress. https://t.co/xWmO3jDS6U— Senator Tom Carper (@SenatorCarper) April 29, 2021
When it comes to Biden's gun control reforms, "it's not likely he will get any major restrictions through Congress as there are too many Democrats from conservative states who would put their political careers in jeopardy by voting for something too restrictive," emphasises Timothy Hagle.
"The realities of the Senate filibuster and the chamber's 50-50 partisan split will slow down Biden's agenda," Biegon predicts. "Taken together, Biden's domestic policy proposals are more ambitious than anticipated."
To complicate matters even further, the Democratic Party and the Biden administration do not have much time to make their bold plans come true. The Democrats' majority in each chamber is so small that it's very likely Republicans will take control of one or both chambers after the 2022 midterms, Hagle suggests. "That means whatever Biden and his party want to accomplish will pretty much need to be done in the next few months," he says.