The US Electoral College convenes on Monday in state capitals across the country.
Electoral voting takes place in state capitals on the 41st day after the presidential vote - on the first Monday after the second Wednesday of December. According to the 12th amendment (1804) to the constitution, electors vote separately for the president and for the vice-president. To be elected, a candidate must gain an absolute majority (50 percent + 1), which is, at least 270 votes.
Votes are then tallied and sent to the US Congress for verification at a joint session presided over by the incumbent Vice-President Mike Pence on 6 January.
Each state elects as many electors as it has representatives in Congress (there are 535 people in Congress - 100 senators and 435 congressmen). The District of Columbia has three electors. Thus, the Electoral College consists of 538 people.
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