The United States was forcing foreign talent to "endure a dysfunctional immigration process", potentially causing migrants to look elsewhere for their contributions, MIT Technology Review reported on Tuesday.
Immigration barriers to skilled immigrants amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic had made foreign talent retention "slower, costlier, and much less certain", the report said.
The report comes after US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) announced last week that foreign students would need to leave if their schools fully operated online next semester.
According to research cited by MIT, immigration was "critical" to science and technology, boosting innovation and jobs for the nation.
— Amy Nordrum (@AmyNordrum) July 14, 2020
Major tech leaders such as Tesla chief executive Elon Musk, Google chief executive Sundar Pichai and others slammed the US government's move to suspend key visas for skilled foreign labour, the article added.
Nations such as China, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and many others were also attracting foreign ingenuity in research and development to compete with the US in quantum computing, artificial intelligence and biotech, among others.
Such changes would topple the US as "the only option", the article added.
Economic rivals were also boosting immigration while the US was "driving talent away", MIT said, citing an interview with the South China Morning Post.
Canada's Express Entry system would allow permanent residency to high-skilled labour in up to nine months, taking non-citizens living in the US on temporary visas or green cards, it was found.
Australia had also launched a Global talent programme to recruit Science, Technology, Engineering and Manufacturing (STEM) talent across the globe, with the UK fast-tracking visas for scientists and other skilled workers.
France's French Tech Visa allowed "uncapped, renewable" four-year visas for entrepreneurs and tech talent despite the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it added.
The news comes as concerns over the Trump administration's policy of 'tech nationalism' have been voiced by industry leaders, namely after US sanctions and pressure from Washington forced the UK government to order British telecoms on Tuesday to rip and replace telecoms equipment from Huawei Technologies in seven years time.
Former members of the Obama administration warned that the US had lost significant influence in international tech standards organisations such as the IEEE and 3GPP, namely in 5G internet, due to the ongoing trade war with China.