"[T]he United States should pursue wide-ranging dialogues with Russia and China on strategic stability, including the impact of missile defense, and forswear particularly destabilizing steps, such as pursuing space-based interceptors," the ACA said in the paper that was published on Thursday.
The Trump administration should also scrap the testing of SM-3 Block IIA interceptors against intercontinental ballistic missiles, the paper, "Trump’s Dangerous Missile Defense Buildup," said.
The Missile Defense Review "proposes a significant and costly expansion of … US missile defenses that is likely to exacerbate Russian and Chinese concerns about the threat to their strategic nuclear deterrents, undermine strategic stability and further complicate the prospects for additional nuclear arms reductions, the ACA said.
On Thursday, the White House presented the 2019 Missile Defense Review. According to the Pentagon, Washington depends on nuclear deterrence to address Russian and Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile capabilities. In particular, the document stresses more complex offensive missile threats to the homeland, such as hypersonic glide vehicles (HGV) and advanced cruise missiles are on the horizon.
The review suggests that enhancing the US ability to track these emerging risks could make defending against cruise missile and HGV threats possible.
In general, the new Missile Defense Review depicts a strategy that will set the path to strengthen the United States' current defense capabilities and make the case for urgent investment into new ones.