The first of the two ecological initiatives aims to strengthen “setback” rules in the state, meaning new oil and gas facilities will need to be placed a minimum of 2,500 feet from structures, including parks. The initiative would protect some 90% of the state’s surface area from oil and gas development projects.
The second environmental initiative shifts regulatory control of new developments to local governments.
Earlier this year, Colorado’s Supreme Court reversed fracking bans set in place by voters in two towns. As in those previous efforts, the initiatives are heavily opposed by oil and gas companies, who have dumped millions into a counter-coalition somewhat misleadingly titled “Protect Colorado.”
“We made it over the hurdle of having the signatures needed to turn into the Secretary of State and now it’s in their hands to go through the validation process,” one of the organizers, Lisa Trope, of Food and Water Watch, told Reuters.
“Energy companies Anadarko Petroleum Corp and Noble Energy Inc in the past month each increased their contributions to [Protect Colorado] by $2.5 million, bringing their total donations to $6.55 million and $5 million, respectively, according to the latest campaign finance filing,” Reuters reported.
A recent study, conducted in Pavillion, Wyoming, found that highly-toxic BTEX chemicals found in fracking operations, including benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes, which are harmful to humans at any levels, were contaminating people who work at, or live near, hydraulic fracturing sites.
"The many inherent dangers associated with the extreme drilling method, from water contamination and human health impacts to earthquakes, explosions and climate change are well documented," said Wenoah Hunter, executive Director of the Food and Water Action Fund, who has been campaigning for the Democratic National Committee to oppose fracking. Hunter maintains that corporations that benefit from fracking routinely invest in massive public relations campaigns to hide its effect, but even deep corporate pockets cannot obscure the truth.