In a statement announcing the Preventing Tragedies Between Police and Communities Act, Moore wrote that “too many mothers have been forced to bury their children” due to senseless fatal encounters with police. “Too many young men and women in this country are unreasonably struck down by the very people who swore an oath to protect them.”
The bill requires officers to undergo crisis intervention training, and training in “verbal and physical tactics to minimize the need for the use of force, with an emphasis on communication, negotiation [and] de-escalation techniques.”
Departments that fail to comply with de-escalation training within one year would lose 20% of their federal funding; if they did not introduce “affirmative duty” they would lose another 15%.
In a briefing document obtained by the Guardian, Moore’s office discussed the fact that officers are frequently “trained more heavily on what is technically and legally allowed under the law” than in de-escalation tactics which could prevent the need for deadly force.
A study released in 2014 by the American Psychiatric Association found that CIT-trained officers “had sizable and persistent improvements in knowledge, diverse attitudes about mental illnesses and their treatments, self-efficacy for interacting with someone with psychosis or suicidality, social distance stigma, de-escalation skills and referral decisions.”