US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, the dominant conservative voice on the high court for 30 years, died on Saturday at the age of 79, leaving President Obama the task of nominating his replacement.
Those times in which the US Constitution was written included outdated social mores, such as women not having the right to vote, the enslavement of a majority of black people on the continent, and indigenous people were not considered to fully be men capable of coherent thought. Decisions are thought to have been made based on "what was in the hearts and minds of slave owning, property owning white men when the constitution and the Bill of Rights were originally written."
A Supreme Court Justice is appointed for life, and thus the selection of a new member is often considered "the most significant, compelling part of any presidency."
"When a president can put into place a Justice that bends one way or another way, that is going to have an impact for decades to come on the future of the country" Verheyden-Hilliard said.
If Republicans are able to block Obama's nomination, it could serve to determine the outcome for several major, defining cases, in key areas of American life, involving women's rights, immigration rights, and labor union rights.
"Where the court would perhaps have ruled 5/4 at the conservative favor, it would now be 4/4, and there would not be a definitive ruling. Then generally what happens is that the case… defaults back to the final ruling by a lower court. Although, were there in fact to be another nominee…who would take the bench, the court could also ask to rehear the cases it's already heard this term with that new Justice in attendance."
"It's a significant change in the way that the government is operating over recent years," she suggested. "Politicians, and the Republicans more notably, are willing to say anything and do anything, to go as far out as they possibly can go to score political points. All they are doing on a daily basis is weighing what they can get away with."