In April 2013, according to leaked documents, Germany's domestic security agency, the BND, agreed to provide the NSA with intelligence in exchange for a highly effective spy software program called XKeyscore, media reported on Wednesday.
The idea of mass domestic surveillance, Binney explained, is being adopted by Germany and other governments that have the resources and capabilities to carry it out while violating privacy rights that are supposed to be sacred in democratic societies.
“The impact is the loss of privacy around the world,” Binney argued. “Countries that adopt this totalitarian procedure of population surveillance with the subsequent loss of privacy would find it hard to call themselves a democracy.”
The practice of using technology to conduct mass surveillance has spread across the globe without limitation, including countries like Russia, which has an equivalent program called SORM, he claimed.
Stopping the state surveillance contagion, Binney noted, will require clear rules, stiff penalties and mechanisms to monitor violations.
“My view is that we need an international agreement on what the rules are for monitoring the World Wide Web and laws to punish those who violate these rules,” he concluded.
Germany’s domestic security agency has argued that information obtained with the help of XKeyscore could be transferred to the NSA without violating German law.
In 2013, NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden made available documents detailing long-term US intelligence data collection in Europe and many other targets around the world.
The German Parliamentary Committee investigating the NSA spying scandal was set up in March 2014 to examine the extent of the US intelligence agency's surveillance activities revealed in documents published by Snowden.