14:26 GMT +322 October 2019
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    Between 2000 and 2013, approximately 9.4 million people, and 6,800 sources of drinking water were located within one mile of a fracking well, according to the EPA.

    Fracking Waste is Left Out in the Open, Fears of Contaminated Water

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    A new state-mandated study on hydraulic fracturing has revealed that over half of the wastewater, contaminated with a whole range of chemicals from fracking wells, is disposed of in open and unlined pits which may contaminate groundwater.

    Over 900 of the open pits, many without proper permits from the state, are located in San Joaquin Valley, some of which lie atop usable aquifers, the SFGate reported.

    The study, which was conducted by The California Council on Science and Technology, also determined that the risks involved with approximately two-thirds of the chemicals used by the oil companies remain unknown.   

    Further, the toxicity of half of the chemicals is still “uninvestigated, unmeasured and unknown. Basic information about how these chemicals would move through the environment does not exist.”

    The report stated that recycled oil field wastewater that is used for crop irrigation may also contain chemicals used during fracking.  The water is reportedly treated before use, however they found the testing to be inadequate.  They did report that they found no “strong evidence” of fracking fluids in irrigation water, however.

    “Government agencies, the public in general and residents living near well sites need to know in detail about the presence of dangerous chemicals mixed in water used in fracking and then pumped to the surface as byproducts,” Sen. Fran Pavley said in a statement on Monday about her plan to propose amendments to legislation based on the report’s findings.

    Approximately 1.7 million people in Los Angeles live or work within a mile of an active well.  The pollutants on those sites “can present risks to human health,” the researchers found.  The report recommends an extensive epidemiological study on those who are living and working near the fields and recommends regulations be put in place on how close the operations are from residences, schools, and hospitals, the LA Times reported.  Currently, there is no regulation on how far away these wells must be from communities.

    Related:

    Texas Fracking Region Shows ‘Incredibly Alarming’ Levels of Water Pollution
    Texas City of Denton Repeals Citizens-Supported Fracking Ban
    EPA: Fracking Doesn’t Cause 'Widespread' Pollution, Experts Cry Foul
    New York Fracking Report Edges Closer to Statewide Ban
    Fracking Could Provide 140 Billion Barrels of Oil Outside North America
    Tags:
    Pollution, Fracking, California Council on Science and Technology, Los Angeles
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