01:03 GMT31 October 2020
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    The United Kingdom is no longer officially a member state of the European Union. Until the end 2020 however, the country will remain subject to the bloc laws and within its institutions and treaties and is therefore subject to penalties if it does not comply.

    The European Union is taking legal action against the UK for allegedly failing to comply with the bloc's freedom of movement rules.

    Brussels issued a formal notice to the British Government on Thursday giving them four months to "address the shortcomings".

    In the opening of infringement proceedings, the European Commission claims that British law "limits the scope" of EU citizens living in the country.

    Examples go back to 2014, including restrictions on EU citizen's ability to access Jobseekers' Allowance and "unjustified" lifetime bans on re-entry to the country are given by the Commission.

    The alleged infractions mean that the UK is in breach of the 2004 free movement directive as well as EU treaty articles 21, 45, and 49.

    Despite the UK formally leaving the bloc in December, the Commission highlights that until the end of the transition period, EU law including free movement continues to apply in Britain.

    ​"We will look at what the EU has to say and we will respond in due course", a spokesman for Prime Minister Boris Johnson said.

    This marks the first stage of infringement proceedings, which begin when a member start fails to enforce EU law and can lead to the European Court of Justice imposing financial sanctions.

    The transition period for the UK to leave the bloc institutions such as the Single Market and the Customs Union ends in December 2020.

    The formal noticed follows a European Commission debt report in July which claimed that Italy's large public debt in 2018 is a violation of EU budget rules and recommended launching infringement procedures.

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    Tags:
    Brexit, freedom of movement, European Commission, European Union
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