The IOC Executive Board came to the decision after holding a phone conference on the issue.
"Russian athletes in any of the 28 Olympic summer sports have to assume the consequences of what amounts to a collective responsibility in order to protect the credibility of the Olympic competitions, and the “presumption of innocence” cannot be applied to them. On the other hand, according to the rules of natural justice, individual justice, to which every human being is entitled, has to be applied. This means that each affected athlete must be given the opportunity to rebut the applicability of collective responsibility in his or her individual case," the decision read.
The IOC noted that Russian athletes with doping record will be suspended from participating at 2016 Rio Olympic Games.
"The ROC [Russian Olympic Committee] is not allowed to enter any athlete for the Olympic Games Rio 2016 who has ever been sanctioned for doping, even if he or she has served the sanction," the IOC said in a press release.
The conference comes after on Thursday, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) upheld the decision of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) to ban Russian track-and-field athletes from competitions. Darya Klishina, who trains outside of the country, is the only Russian athlete who was permitted by the IAAF to compete as a neutral participant.
Earlier, IOC President Thomas Bach said that the Committe "will not hesitate to take the toughest sanctions available against any individual or organization implicated," following a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) report, which alleged that Russian authorities were involved in doping of the country’s athletes.
An independent WADA commission presented the report, based on the results of its investigation into allegations that dozens of Russian athletes used performance-enhancing drugs at the 2014 Winter Olympics, on Monday. Russia has been accused of running a state-wide doping program.