04:19 GMT19 February 2020
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    Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) and Pavlodar State Pedagogical University have determined the types of water inside the bodies of humans, animals, insects and other life forms, according to the TPU press service.

    Any living tissue contains water; for example, water accounts for 5-10 percent of human bone tissue, as well as 30-40 percent of brain tissue and 70-80 percent of blood. Well-known Russian scientist Vladimir Vernadsky called this liquid "biological water."

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    Many research studies on the composition of blood, urine or plasma have been completed, as has research on the composition of seawater, river and subterranean waters. However, the composition of the elements in biological water remains largely unclear.

    "We have been able to obtain data on the chemical elements in living forms' biological water and the level of accumulation in the human body", program manager Professor Leonid Rikhvanov, from TPU's Geology Department, noted.

    Scientists used a 7-month old pig's blood, spleen, liver, kidney, lung, muscle tissue and subcutaneous fat for determining the liquid's composition because this animal closely resembles the human body in terms of physiological parameters.

    The project team used a special vacuum unit to remove water from the organs and tissues. Various parts of the pig's body were heated to 100 degrees Celsius, with the water evaporating and condensing as distillate.

    It turns out that biological water consists of 70 chemical elements, including uranium, thorium, bromine, lead, iron, aluminum and rare-earth elements.

    "Water in various tissues and organs differs in terms of its chemical composition and maximum concentration of elements. For example, up to 25 elements accumulate inside the bloodstream, plus another 19 in the spleen, in relation to other organs and tissues. At the same time, all studied organs and tissues contain the maximum levels of sodium, calcium, silicon and potassium. The spleen contains high concentrations of potassium; the muscles contain a lot of iron; and blood contains barium, bromine, lead and bismuth", Rikhvanov explained.

    This data is published in the journal Tomsk Polytechnic University News: Geological Resources' Engineering.

    Scientists want to continue their research. During the project's next stage, they will determine the correlation between the liquid's composition and the environmental situation. For this purpose, they will find out the composition of water inside the organs of a pig from a polluted region, comparing it with the previously obtained results.

    According to Rikhvanov, at present plants, soils and other components are analyzed for environmental influences. A model object similar to a human is proposed for subsequent research. The new research project will make it possible to find out how technogenesis directly influence the human body.


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