The Egyptian mummy is known as Nesyamun and was a priest at the Karnak temple in Thebes, Egypt, over 3,000 years ago. According to the Guardian, Nesyamun, who lived under the reign of Rameses XI from 1107 BC to 1078 BC, is believed to have died as a result of an allergic reaction - potentially from an insect bite to his tongue. The mummy is currently being stored at the Leeds City Museum in Leeds, England.
Using an electronic larynx and a CT scanner to generate a 3D-printed version of Nesyamun’s mouth and throat, speech scientist David Howard at the Royal Holloway, University of London, along with other researchers, created “the sound that would come out of his vocal tract if he was in his coffin and his larynx came to life again,” the New York Times reported.
“He certainly can’t speak at the moment. But I think it’s perfectly plausible to suggest that one day it will be possible to produce words that are as close as we can make them to what he would have sounded like,” Howard told the Times.
According to Joann Fletcher, an Egyptologist at the University of York in England who also contributed to the research paper, Nesyamun’s voice could be recreated because of the “superb quality of preservation [of Nesyamun’s vocal tract] achieved by the ancient embalmers.”
The computer software that was used to create the mummy’s vowel sound could eventually take into account other elements like the size and movement of the tongue and jaw position to generate even more accurate sounds.
This is not the first time that scientists have used a CT scanner to recreate an ancient being’s voice. Back in 2016, scientists used one to generate the voice of Ötzi the Iceman, who lived between 3400 and 3100 BC and whose mummy was found in the Alps in 1991.