20:44 GMT +310 December 2018
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    The Kurchatov synchrotron radiation source at the Kurchatov Institute research center, Moscow

    Russia to Build Fourth Generation Synchrotron on an Island

    © Sputnik / Ruslan Krivobok
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    Russian scientists believe that the introduction of advanced research installations will give Russia a new competitive edge in the global scientific research market.

    President Vladimir Putin has given the nod to the proposed construction of a particle accelerator on Russia’s Far Eastern Russky Island, the director of the Kurchatov Institute National Research Center, Mikhail Kovalchuk, said.

    “Today we did it! The whole idea came as a surprise. We shared it [with Putin] and he said he liked it. The President has just announced that we will build a synchrotron at the University of the Far East on Russky Island,” Kovalchuk told reporters after meeting with Vladimir Putin at the Kurchatov Institute.

    In February, President Putin gave his initial backing  to the idea of creating a powerful, $640 million, synchrotron to study the structure of substances on a nanometer scale.

    A synchrotron is an extremely powerful source of X-ray which is produced by high energy electrons as they circulate around the synchrotron.

    A synchrotron accelerates electrons to extremely high energy and then makes them change direction periodically.

    The resulting X-rays are emitted as dozens of thin beams, each directed toward a beamline next to the accelerator.

    There are now two synchrotrons in Russia: one in Novosibirsk and  another in Moscow.

    The fourth-generation synchrotron can be built in five to seven years on infrastructure remaining from a project to create a Soviet collider in Protvino, outside Moscow, which was put on hold in the 1990s. 

    READ MORE: Kurchatov Institute Gets $230 Mln From Federal Budget

    Related:

    Russian Scientists Hand Over Synchrotron to US Lab Despite Sanctions
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    synchrotron, creation, Kurchatov Institute National Research Center, Vladimir Putin, Mikhail Kovalchuk, Russia
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