12:53 GMT +323 April 2018
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    A 5th century Byzantine basilica at Adulis, Eritrea, excavated in 1914 by the Italian archaeologist Roberto Paribeni

    'African Pompeii': Archeologists Digging Up Ancient City Shrouded in Mystery

    CC BY 2.0 / David Stanley / Byzantine basilica at Adulis
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    Buried under layers of sand and mud for almost 14 centuries, the lost city of Adulis is finally returning to light to become the first national archaeological park of Sub-Saharan Africa, an event that would revitalize the territory from a tourist and economic point of view.

    The archeologists are slowly working their way through the layers of mud, sand and shrubs excavating a city of 40 hectares, entirely in stone and in practically perfect condition.

    So far, only one percent of the ancient city, located on the southwestern coast of Eritrea along the Red Sea, has been completed as part of the so-called “African Pompeii” joint Italian-Eritrean project launched about a decade ago by Italian anthropologists and archaeologists Alfredo and Angelo Castiglioni.

    “Just as Pompeii lies beneath meters of volcano ash, so Adulis lies under meters of mud due to a catastrophic tsunami that destroyed the city at the end of the 7th century A.D.,” archeologist Serena Massa, director of the mission, told Sputnik Italy.

    She added that the ancient monuments already excavated by the Italian-Eritrean team with the collaboration of important Italian universities are only a fraction of what the city could offer.

    Astonishing discovery. A team of Italian archaeologists excavated the ancient port city of the Axum Kingdom – Adulis, practically in perfect conditions
    © Photo : ANSA
    Astonishing discovery. A team of Italian archaeologists excavated the ancient port city of the Axum Kingdom – Adulis, practically in perfect conditions

    “We still have to discover the private houses, the necropolis, from which we expect a lot of information, because they contain things that are usually intact, in addition to the skeletons, which will allow us to study the city’s population,” Dr. Massa said.

    READ MORE: Russian Archeologists Discover Ancient City's Artifacts in Crimea

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    excavations, archeologists, ancient city, Serena Massa, Eritrea
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