MOSCOW (Sputnik) – Around 113 million EU households may produce energy, either individually or through a collective, the study said.
"About 161 million can potentially provide flexible demand services with an EV, (smart) electric boiler or stationary batteries. A large share of the households that could have demand flexibility could also be an energy producer," the study carried out by CE Delft, an independent research and consultancy agency, said.
"With an increasing share of renewable energy in the European Union, the role of consumers as active participants in the energy system, as energy producers and/or suppliers of demand side flexibility or energy storage, is bound to increase, as the developments in an increasing number of European Union Member States demonstrate," the report said.
The study points out, however, that the potential of households in the sphere of producing energy can be reached only if the EU policies such as the Renewable Energy Directive are revised to support energy citizens.