Two Russian-born scientists have won the Nobel Prize for Physics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Tuesday.
Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, who both work for universities in Britain, won the prize for "groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene," which is a form of carbon.
Graphene is a good conductor of electricity and heat. "Since it is practically transparent and a good conductor, graphene is suitable for producing transparent touch screens, light panels and maybe even solar cells," the academy said.
Geim is a Dutch national, while Novoselov holds British and Russian citizenship. Both were born in Russia and also started their careers there.
The two laureates have worked together for a long time. Both Novoselov, 36, and Geim, 51, are professors at the University of Manchester.
The 2010 Nobel Prize awards began on Monday with the prize for medicine award. Laureates of the chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by literature on Thursday, the peace prize award on Friday and economics prize on Monday, October 11.
Inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes in his will of 1895, for those who "have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind." The first Nobel prizes were awarded in 1901.
STOCKHOLM, October 5 (RIA Novosti)