At the heart of the new complex system is the Pantsir-S2 anti-aircraft gun/surface-to-air missile system which can engage targets at altitudes from 15 meters to 15 kilometers at a distance of up to 20km.
The Pantsir-S2’s missiles intercept airborne objects traveling at speeds of up to 3,600 km/h meaning it is capable of downing any aircraft, cruise missile or drone.
The complex also effectively engages “smart” air bombs, and was specifically designed to take down assault helicopters using its two independently-operated 30mm cannons. Its radar can spot targets at a distance of up to 36km.
The turret also includes air search, target tracking equipment and missile flight control units that are combined by integrated high-precision electronics.
The Sosna can be used day and night and in adverse weather conditions owing to the application of a highly sensitivive thermal image channel that is not influenced affected by or smoke.
The Sosna A-R 9M337 (SA-24) hyper-velocity beam rider missile is a two-stage missile designed for interception of fixed wing aircraft, helicopters, as well as guided weapons and cruise missiles.
The optical fire control system affords gives the Sosna AD system a high survivability rate and enhanced jamming immunity. The Sosna’s self-contained optical sensor allows tracking of 50 targets while engaging one when mobile.
The addition of the Ptitselov will greatly increase the capabilities of Russia’s airborne forces, which have previously relied on close-range Igla and Verba MANPAD systems to defend themselves against aerial attacks.