The draft, prepared by several research institutes and the Energy Ministry, will be submitted to the government in January after discussions and approvals.
In August the Economics Ministry set a task of ending the economy's dependence on raw material exports by 2020.
Currently fuel and energy accounts for about 30% of Russia's GDP, 50% of budget revenue, and 64% of foreign currency receipts, the paper said.
Under the draft strategy, the sector's current share of GDP will remain unchanged until 2012. This will be a period of the "quantitative" build-up of investment and resources to create potential for the economy's transformation, the paper said.
For 2013-2020, the government plans a period of intense investment and innovation. During this period, the share of the fuel and energy complex in national GDP will drop to 25%, the paper said.
The period from 2020 to 2030 will see the economy's transition to innovation and environmentally friendly and efficient power engineering; the share of the fuel and energy complex is expected to contract to 18% of GDP, the paper said.
The draft strategy pledges incentives to boost growth in private investment, as well as foreign capital and technology, which are expected to grow at least 5% in 2008-2012 and 12-15% by 2030, the paper said.