The RS-24 with multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle (MIRV) warheads was launched from a mobile missile system at 2:20 p.m. Moscow time (10:20 a.m. GMT).
"The targets have been reached and objectives achieved completely," Vadim Koval said, adding that the ICBM's destination was a testing ground in Kamchatka, in the Far East.
Koval said the new ICBM met all international requirements in terms of strategic offensive arms reduction and was capable of avoiding missile defense systems and, consequently, would enhance Russia's nuclear deterrent potential when deployed.
The test comes against the background of growing tensions between Moscow and the West regarding plans by the United States to deploy elements of its global antiballistic missile defense system in Central Europe.
Although Washington claims the move is needed to counter possible attacks from "rogue states," Moscow has condemned the plans as a threat to its national security and a destabilizing factor for Europe.