Head of the institute Ivan Bliznets said at the opening ceremony that the museum was created to train qualified intellectual property specialists.
"The museum will let them see what fake goods look like and how to fight them," Bliznets said.
The museum, which is based in a classroom, features all kinds of fake products from vodka to DVDs and CDs, as well as books about intellectual property protection. The 'exhibits' are placed in glass cases hanging on the walls.
"Training specialists will help protect copyright," Bliznets said.
The Federal Service for Intellectual Property, Patents and Trademarks has also announced a contest on training relevant experts in Russian regions, he said.
Well-known Russian writer Eduard Uspensky said at the opening ceremony that Russian authorities paid little attention to intellectual property problems.
"The state is not interested in tackling intellectual property problems. No one notices that our movies are illegally distributed abroad," he said.
Uspensky pointed out the United States' intellectual property law as an example.
"Most people are skeptical about introducing the same in Russia."