19:17 GMT01 December 2020
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    Memorandum on Safe Zones in Syria (89)

    The Russian Foreign Ministry on Saturday published on its website the text of the memorandum on the creation of de-escalation areas in Syria that was signed during the last round of the Astana talks.

    MOSCOW (Sputnik) — On Thursday, representatives of Iran, Russia and Turkey signed the memorandum within the framework of the fourth round of the Astana negotiations. Earlier on Saturday, the regime of de-escalation areas came into force in four zones of Syria.

    The document on the ministry website explains [follow the link to read the whole text in English] what must be done within the lines of the de-escalation areas:

    • hostilities between the conflicting parties (the government of the Syrian Arab Republic and the armed opposition groups that have joined and will join the ceasefire regime) with the use of any kinds of weapons, including aerial assets, shall be ceased;
    • rapid, safe and unhindered humanitarian access shall be provided;
    • conditions to deliver medical aid to local population and to meet basic needs of civilians shall be created;
    • measures to restore basic infrastructure facilities, starting with water supply and electricity distribution networks, shall be taken;
    • conditions for the safe and voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons shall be created.

    According to the memorandum, the creation of the de-escalation zones is a temporary measure with the initial duration of six months.

    The text of the memorandum implies the creation of zones in Idlib province and certain parts of the neighboring provinces, in certain parts of the Homs province, in certain parts of Daraa and Quneitra provinces as well as in Eastern Ghouta.

    Senior Russian military commander Sergei Rudskoi (L) speaks during a news briefing on the situation in Syria, Moscow, May 5, 2017
    © AFP 2020 / Vasily MAXIMOV
    Senior Russian military commander Sergei Rudskoi (L) speaks during a news briefing on the situation in Syria, Moscow, May 5, 2017
    Memorandum on Safe Zones in Syria (89)


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    safe zones, The Syrian war, Russian Foreign Ministry, Syria, Russia
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