22:19 GMT16 January 2021
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    Iran's moderate president Hassan Rouhani and five other candidates will take part in the presidential election scheduled to be held on May 19.

    Other candidates approved by the Guardian Council of the Constitution include Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri, Ebrahim Raisi, chairman of the Astan Quds Razavi autonomous charitable foundation, Tehran Mayor Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf, former Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Mostafa Mir-Salim and former Vice President Mostafa Hashemitaba.

    In an interview with Sputnik, political analyst Alexei Malashenko described Hassan Rouhani, who has been in office since 2013, as a "responsible politician who has achieved a lot."

    "Rouhani has maintained cordial relations with Europe. He has reintroduced Iran as a member of the international community. Even Trump's remarks that Iran is the world's number one terrorist state are nothing more than political inertia," the analyst added.

    Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks at a news conference near the United Nations General Assembly in the Manhattan borough of New York, U.S., September 22, 2016
    © REUTERS / Lucas Jackson
    Iranian President Hassan Rouhani speaks at a news conference near the United Nations General Assembly in the Manhattan borough of New York, U.S., September 22, 2016

    Malashenko further said that Tehran's relations with Moscow are complex. "In terms of politics Iran badly needs Russia. Things are more complicated when it comes to economy," the analyst said. On the one hand, Tehran has cooperated with Russia in certain areas, including nuclear energy. On the other, the country "needs technologies that it can only purchase in the West."

    Rouhani is widely seen as the leading candidate in the race, who has also been backed by the clergy, Igor Gashkov wrote for Sputnik.

    "During his time in office, Rouhani has managed to secure profitable deals with the EU members. These include [the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action], the key deal for the country which has led to partial sanctions relief. Rouhani is "trying to acquire access to Western technologies which would boost the economy. Iran has been plagued by unemployment."

    Gashkov named Ebrahim Raisi as Rouhani's key competitor, saying that the conservative cleric believes that Iran should rely on its own resources and capabilities. If Raisi wins the election, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) will become more powerful, the analyst suggested. Defense officials are also expected to boost their clout should Bagher Ghalibaf become the next president.

    Interestingly, former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad had signed up as a candidate, but the Guardian Council rejected his bid. Malashenko suggested that Ahmadinejad, who served as president from 2015 until 2013, "discredited himself by making tough statements on foreign and domestic issues."

    Gashkov maintained that the outcome of the presidential election in Iran will depend on the voter turnout, with Rouhani likely benefiting from a higher turnout.

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