21:40 GMT +320 September 2019
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    T-72 tank at the front-line of the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) near the Syrian city of Palmyra.

    What Brings Syrian Opposition Closer to a Compromise With Damascus

    © Sputnik / Mikhail Voskresenskiy
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    UN Special Envoy Staffan de Mistura appeared to be pessimistic that the fourth round of Geneva talks on Syria could end in a breakthrough, saying that he is not "expecting miracles." However, recent developments indicate that opposition groups and their supporters are increasingly more inclined to reach a compromise with Damascus.

    "I do not expect a quick breakthrough, but the process has been launched. Sadly, results will not come soon since the Syrian conflict has dragged on for too long and those involved have irreconcilable differences," Vladimir Sotnikov, a researcher at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, told RT. "However, these differences have gradually been settled and more opposition groups have taken part in the negotiations."

    The latest round of the UN-sponsored Geneva peace talks began on Thursday. It comes on the heels of the negotiations held in Kazakhstan. The Astana talks, sponsored by Russia, Turkey and Iran, marked the first time that representatives of Damascus and armed opposition groups met face to face since the Syrian crisis broke out in 2011.

    "Negotiations in Astana have de facto reset the process of resolving the Syrian conflict. The talks have also become the basis for continuing the Geneva peace process which was interrupted ten months ago," Sotnikov added.

    This has apparently become possible due to a major shift in the balance of power in the war-torn Arab country. On the one hand, the Syrian Arab Army, assisted by Russia, Iran and its local allies, has scored victories over groups determined to remove Bashar al-Assad from power, with the liberation of Aleppo serving as the highlight. On the other hand, key stakeholders have overtly or indirectly indicated that their approach to resolving the six-year-long war has changed.

    Until mid-2016, Turkey was one of the main supporters of radical armed groups fighting in Syria. Since then Ankara has been engaged in an anti-Daesh operation in northern Syria. The Turkish military and the Free Syrian Army have liberated the towns of Jarabulus and are reported to be on the verge of taking full control of al-Bab, the last Daesh stronghold in the border region.

    "Turkey has opted for an alliance with Iran and Russia, adopting less aggressive rhetoric with regard to Bashar al-Assad. This has had an effect on opposition groups which receive assistance from Ankara. They have understood that this aid could be cut off," Sotnikov said.

    Defense analyst Anton Mardasov, who heads the Department of Middle Eastern Conflicts of the Moscow-based Institute of Innovative Development, pointed out that Saudi Arabia, one of Assad's fiercest opponents, and Qatar have indicated that they are ready for a compromise. Riyadh and Doha are ostensibly on board with Moscow's plan when it comes to resolving the Syrian crisis.

    "Russia has suggested decentralizing Syria, placing a greater emphasis on local councils and civilian self-government. As a result, Sunni regions and the opposition to Assad will remain. Riyadh is against large-scale combat activities and the ultimate victory of government-led forces. Both Qatar and Saudi Arabia are more inclined to support the peace process at the moment," he said.

    In addition, the new US administration has indicated that it views fighting terrorism and not removing Assad as a priority. Donald Trump has repeatedly said that Washington could join its anti-Daesh efforts with Russia.

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    Syrian crisis, Syrian conflict, Syrian opposition, Syrian peace talks, peace talks, Fourth Geneva Convention, Bashar al-Assad, Syria, Russia
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