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    Post-Brexit World: Could Russia, Germany and France Join Forces?

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    The UK's decision to leave the European Union has ushered in an era of intense soul-searching on a continent that has increasingly flirted with the idea of greater national sovereignty, but was largely sure that its future would see greater economic and political integration.

    Europe's destination in the post-Brexit world is unknown, but there has been no lack of alternative solutions and suggestions on what should happen next. Some advocate an ever closer union, while others want their countries to forge ahead without the EU.

    One of these alternatives includes an alliance, comprising Russia, Germany and France. 

    "It is possible that the German and Russian governments will agree to sign a new Treaty of Rapallo, which was inked by the Weimar Republic and the Soviet Union on the sidelines of the Genoa Conference on April 16, 1922," French writer Jean-Paul Baquiast asserted. "Many key players in Germany and Russia are contemplating this idea."

    The Treaty of Rapallo was meant to normalize relations between Germany and the Soviet Union, who also agreed to "cooperate in a spirit of mutual goodwill in meeting the economic needs of both countries."

    Moscow and Berlin, in Baquiast's opinion, could work together on developing northern territories and the Arctic, foster cooperation within the BRICS format and "negotiate with China as equals."

    "Staying away from such an alliance would have disastrous implications for France. It would become a nation with limited power despite its resources. But as part of a Paris-Berlin-Moscow group, France could develop and use all resources available," he observed.

    Pro-EU rallies held throughout Scotland as rest of the UK votes for Brexit
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    Pro-EU rallies held throughout Scotland as rest of the UK votes for Brexit

    The chorus of voices who want the European Union to remain in place, but in an altered version is also powerful.

    Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo suggested that the European Union should be transformed into "a strong, united EU of sovereign nations." Jaroslaw Kaczynski, who heads Poland's ruling Law and Justice party (PiS), and Polish foreign minister Witold Waszczykowski echoed this sentiment.

    EU "member states should have more sovereignty inside the union … we have to maintain a Europe of nation states that cooperate with each other, ideally creating a confederation," Kaczynski said earlier this week.

    Meanwhile, members of the European Parliament have also stressed that major reforms were needed to make the EU "better and more democratic." Brussels should also "deliver what citizens expect," MEPs said in a resolution adopted on June 28. "While some member states may choose to integrate more slowly or to a lesser extent, the core of the EU must be reinforced and a la carte solutions should be avoided."

    The EU's future might be obscured by clouds. What is clear is that the bloc has to change in order to survive. Otherwise, Brexit will offer a taste of what's to come.

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    Britain Says 'Cheerio' to EU (463)

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    EU integration, European integration, Brexit, European Parliament, European Union, Beata Szydlo, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Germany, France, Russia
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