19:55 GMT31 July 2021
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    Boris Johnson’s chief economic adviser said that Brexit could spur the EU to engage in a much-needed process of changing its institutions.

    "Britain leaving the EU and Britain doing well after leaving would be a bullet or a bomb, at the backside of the EU to spur it into action," Gerard Lyons said during a conference at the London School of Economics (LSE) on Wednesday. "Other countries will think 'we want a slice of that'." 

    Lyons, a staunch proponent of taking the UK out of the Union and the academic face of the Out camp in many public fora, explained that the referendum on June 23 will be a choice between "leaving and staying in an unreformed European Union". 

    "Prime Minister Cameron’s renegotiations with EU officials [last February] were a lost opportunity to reform the Union’s edifice," Lyons said. 

    "In fact, a reformed EU would be ideal if it could be reformed at all," he added. 

    Lyons’ position stands in stark contrast with the argument of the In camp, and in particular of the Labour Party, that while the EU is not currently perfect — staying in and changing it from within would be the best option for the UK. 

    On the contrary, Lyons claimed that a UK thriving outside of the Union could be just what the ossified organization needs to change. 

    "More countries might decide to follow in our footsteps and follow the UK example. Leaving, we could be a force for good." 

    Lyons' declarations came just hours after, in the same building, the secretary general of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) warned against economic repercussions of a Brexit following June's referendum

    Speaking at LSE on Wednesday morning, Angel Gurria said that a UK out of the EU would struggle to secure favorable trade deals, losing access to a great swath of the global market.  

    The effects of Brexit for the UK’s working class could be as severe as losing about one month of salary by 2020, Gurria said.

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