On March 18, Brussels and Ankara worked out and agreed on a deal under which Turkey pledged to take back all undocumented migrants who arrived in the European Union through its territory in exchange for asylum seekers from Syria, on a one-for-one basis.
When it comes to dealing with his neighbors, Erdogan has pursued aggressive policies, dreaming to be seen as the next Turkish "sultan," Limes reported.
To press the EU to commit to the deal, the Turkish leader used threats promising to flood Europe with Middle Eastern refugees. That's not something Turkey would have done in the past, but Erdogan knows how to press all the right buttons to get what he wants, the newspaper said.
Ankara wants to be a force to be reckoned with in Eurasia, as the Ottoman Empire once was, especially in the Black and Caspian Sea regions, Limes reported.
The Turkish government fears that the reunification of Crimea with Russia changed the balance of power in the Black Sea, something that Ankara isn't comfortable with. To counter this shift, Erdogan chose to closer cooperation with Ukraine.
The Caucasus are another region that Turkey sees as a place it needs to get closely involved by putting spokes in others' wheels.
"In Caucasus Turkey relies on Azerbaijan to counter Russia," Santoro wrote in Limes.
The deputy foreign minister of Armenia said the actions of Turkey fit into the policies of Erdogan who seeks to "spread the waves of instability" in neighboring countries.
Amid the ongoing conflict between Moscow and Ankara it is possible that Erdogan will try to further fuel the tensions in the Southern Caucasus, seeking to build its own influence in the region, Santoro argued.