Since September 30, the Russian Air Force has been carrying out attacks against the ISIL terrorist group in Syria. The military operation was launched after an official request of the Syrian government.
With the establishment of the facility, Russia, Syria, Iran and Iraq institutionalized the exchange of intelligence information and improved the coordination of their counterterrorism efforts. The purpose of this newly established institution is predominantly of an intelligence-sharing nature and primarily includes the collection and analysis of relevant information to better coordinate operational activities in the fight against ISIL.
According to DWN, the creation of the new institution is not a surprising step. The Iraqi government has long been disappointed in the activities of the Western coalition and low efficiency of its military operation, which has not prevented the steady growth of ISIL on Iraqi territory and has had quite the opposite effect.
At the same time, the close cooperation of Iraqi structures with Russia is likely to have a negative impact on the quality of their existing cooperation with the United States. The growing distance between the US and the Iraqi government lets the United States fear that it may to lose its positions in the Middle East and its political influence on the country.