03:53 GMT09 March 2021
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    Iran's nuclear program (274)
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    US State Department spokesperson Marie Harf said Russia played an important role in reaching the framework agreement with Iran over its nuclear program.

    WASHINGTON (Sputnik) — Russia’s technical knowhow on nuclear issues and common position with the United States played a helpful role in reaching the framework agreement with Iran over its nuclear program, US State Department spokesperson Marie Harf said on Friday.

    “The fact that we and Russia, even though we disagree on so many issues, are on the same page when it comes to the Iran nuclear program has been very helpful inside the negotiating room,” Harf said in a press briefing. “It has shown the Iranians that even though we disagree on so many issues we agree on this.”

    Harf explained that as a nuclear power, Russia’s technical team was particularly helpful in some of the finer details of negotiations, as was its position as a permanent member of the UN Security Council, which will ultimately play a role in lifting the existing sanctions against Iran.

    According to the Thursday’s agreement between Iran and the P5+1 group of countries, Iran’s breakout time to develop a nuclear weapon would be increased from the current two-to-three months to a year.

    Tehran will have to reduce by two-thirds the number of centrifuges and reduce by 97 percent its stockpile of low-enriched uranium.

    Iran agreed to stop uranium enrichment at its Fordow facility, while a limited number of first generation centrifuges will be allowed to operate at Natanz.

    Advanced centrifuges will be placed under storage by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).

    At its Arak facility, Iran agreed to redesign and rebuild the heavy water research reactor with a design that will be unable to produce weapons-grade plutonium, and to destroy and send to a third country the existing reactor and spent fuel.

    As part of the deal, Iran will also not build any new enrichment facilities for 15 years.

    All provisions of the deal will be strictly monitored by the International Atomic Energy Agency, which will have full access to all of Iran’s potential pathways to developing a nuclear capability.

    In exchange, the P5+1 group of countries agreed to lift all US, EU and UN sanctions against Iran related to its nuclear program once Tehran’s compliance with the deal is verified.

    Thursday’s deal comes after nearly 18 months of negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 group.

    The framework agreement will be followed with a comprehensive technical agreement set to be reached by June 30, 2015.

    Russian officials have hailed the agreement as a success, with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov saying on Friday that the chances of reaching a final deal are very high.

    Iran's nuclear program (274)


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    U.S. Department of State, framework agreement, Iran's nuclear program, IAEA, UN Security Council, P5+1, Marie Harf, Iran, Russia, US
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