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    • Mexico City. Palacio Nacional. Mural by Diego Rivera showing the life in Aztec times e.g. religious life in Tenochtitlan.
    • Turquoise mosaic mask of Xiuhtecuhtli, the god of fire. Aztec or Mixtec (AD 1400-1521), in the British Museum.
    • Sculptures in the Templo Mayor, historical centre of the City of Mexico
    • Tlatelolco Marketplace as depicted at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. The largest Aztec market was located in Tenochtitlan's neighbouring town, Tlatelolco.
    • Two skulls from the Azteca culture are seen during a tour for the media of the El Colorido de la Gran Tenochtitlan exhibit at the Templo Mayor Museum in Mexico City on May 18, 2017.
    • Human sacrifice as shown in the Codex Magliabechiano.
    • National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. Reconstruction of the Templo Mayor of Tenochtitlan.
    • Tenochtitlan/Mexico City.
    • Tenochtitlan Model
    • Aztec Calendar
    • Modern-day descendant of Aztecs
    • An Aztec mask decorated with tourquoise mosaic, 1400-1521
    • Page 12 of the Codex Borbonicus, (in the big square): Tezcatlipoca (night and fate) and Quetzalcoatl (feathered serpent); before 1500; bast fiber paper; height: 38 cm, length of the full manuscript.
    • Photo of an aztec double headed serpent turquoise chest ornament.
    • An artist's impression of Tenochtitlán
    • Mictlantecuhtli; aztec God of the Dead, found in Teotihuacan; shown at the National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City.
    • A piece is seen during a tour for the media of the El Colorido de la Gran Tenochtitlan exhibit at the Templo Mayor Museum in Mexico City on May 18, 2017.
    Mexico City. Palacio Nacional. Mural by Diego Rivera showing life in Aztec times e.g. religious life in Tenochtitlan.

    Bloodthirsty barbarians or geniuses of agriculture and astronomy? No matter how you look at it, Aztecs and their culture are undoubtedly captivating and thrilling even to this day, almost 500 years after their decline.

    The Aztecs were a Nahuatl-speaking civilisation inhabiting central and southern parts of what nowadays is Mexico. Their civilisation reached its prime in the 14-16th centuries before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors that incorporated once vibrant society into the Spanish Empire.

    The Aztecs are famous for their outstanding system of agriculture and irrigation that contributed to their development and might.

    They are also notorious for their shocking and gory rituals that include human sacrifice - including heart-extraction.

    Make sure not to miss Sputnik's photo gallery showing the cultural heritage of the Aztec Empire in all its glory.

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    Central America, aztec
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