According to the data of Russia's State Committee for Statistics, the number of persons permanently residing in Russia in 2002 was 145.2 million.
As compared to the data of the previous census held in 1989, Russia's population decreased by 1.8 million people, with the number of urban population declining by 1.6 million and that of rural residents - by 0.2 million.
The 2002 census data showed that the number of females considerably prevailed over the number of men (10 million). This prevalence is explained by the high premature mortality rate among men, the Statistics Committee states.
Judging by the replies of the pollees, people of 160 nationalities live in Russia. Russians account for 79.8 percent, Tatars for 3.8 percent , Ukraininans - for 2 percent, Bashkirs - for 1.2 percent, Chuvashs - for 1.1 percent, Chechens - for 0.9 percent, Armenians - for 0.8 percent, Mordovians and Belarussians - for 0.6 percent each, and Avars and Kazakhs - for 0.5 percent each.
The State Committee for Statistics points out a considerable decline in the number of Jews residing in Russia because of the natural loss of the population from 540,000 in 1989 to 230,000 in 2002. The number of Germans residing in Russia also decreased from 840,000 to 600,000 correspondingly.
Due to migration growth the number of Armenians residing in Russia considerably increased ( from 530,000 in 1989 to 1,130,000 in 2002), the number of Azerbaijanians living in Russia increased from 340,000 to 620,000, of Tajiks - from 40,000 to 120,000, and Chinese - from 5,000 to 35,000.