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    - Julio Cesare Vanini (b. in 1585), Italian priest and pantheist philosopher, died 385 years ago, in 1619. The Inquisition accused him of heresy and atheism and burnt.

    - The Russian-Japanese war began 100 years ago, in 1904. The war ended in Russia's painful defeat and came as a prologue to the first Russian revolution of 1905-1907. Russia lost the southern part of the Sakhalin Island in that war.

    - Boeng-747 (Jumbo), the first wide-body passenger jet made its trial flight 35 years ago, in 1969.

    - The Armenian Revolutionary Federation Dashnaktsutiun, the oldest opposition party in Armenia was legalised 6 years ago, in 1998. After the 1917 Bolshevik revolution, it worked in exile for 70 years until it was registered /in Armenia/ in 1991. It was banned again in 1994.


    - Vasily Zhukovsky, prominent Russian poet, translator and literary critic was born 221 years ego - in 1783. He translated Homer's Odyssey, poetry by Friedrich Schiller, George Gordon Byron.

    - The first eight volumes of The History of the Russian State by Nikolai Karamzin (1766-1826) came out 186 years ago, in 1818. For several generations of Russians they have ever since been the source of knowledge about ancient Rus, which was discovered by Karamzin just like America was discovered by Columbus, according to Alexander Pushkin.

    - Anatoly Koni (d. in 1927), a lawyer, litterateur and a public figure, was born 160 years ago, in 1844. A talented orator, he secured a sentence of acquittal for terrorist Vera Zasulich, who made an attempt on Petersburg Governor Fyodor Trepov in 1878.

    - Vsevolod Meyerhold, theatre director and reformer, was born 130 years ago, in 1874. Was shot in prison in 1940 and posthumously rehabilitated.

    - A Japanese squadron attacked Russia's Varyag cruiser and Koreyets gunboat, which marked the beginning of the 1904-1905 Russian-Japanese war.

    - Aleksandr Peive (d. in 1985), a geologist, the founder of the studies on deep fractures, an author of the tectonic map of Eurasia.

    - Oleg Koshevoi (b. in 1926) and Lyubov Shevtsova (b. in 1924), leaders of the Molodaya Gvardiya underground youth organisation, which was active in Krasnodon, Eastern Ukraine, Nazis troops rear area during WWII, were executed 61 years ago, in 1943.

    - Yury Andropov (b. in 1914), a statesman and prominent public figure, KGB chief (1967-1982) and Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (1982-1984), died 20 years ago, in 1984.

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