- 1759 - Scottish bard Robert Burns was born (died in 1796);
- 1874 - English writer William Somerset Maugham was born in Paris (died in 1965). His best-known novels include "The Theatre," "The Moon and Sixpence," and "Of Human Bondage." - 1919 - The Paris Peace Conference adopted a resolution setting up the League of Nations, an international organization to promote cooperation between the world's nations. The League was formally disbanded in 1946.
- 1928 - Georgian politician Eduard Shevardnadze was born. He served as President of Georgia November 5, 1995 through November 2003 (He stepped down November 23, succumbing to pressure from the opposition).
- 1963 - British inventor Isaac Schoenberg died (born in 1880). He developed a 405-line electronic television system based on the Emitron camera tube. The first broadcasts using Schoenberg's standard went on air in 1936.
- 1832 - Painter Ivan Shishkin was born (died in 1898). He was one of Russia's greatest masters of realistic landscape.
- 1924 - A pilot issue of the Smena magazine came out. This periodical was intended primarily for young readers.
- 1938 - Vladimir Vysotsky, an actor and bard, was born (died in 1980).
- The Russian Orthodox Church is commemorating St. Tatiana of Rome today. It was on Tatiana's Day in 1755 that Empress Elizabeth signed a decree establishing Moscow University. A church commemorating St. Tatiana was built on the university grounds, and Russian students have regarded her as their patron saint ever since.