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    European Parliament members attend a plenary session at the European Parliament in Brussels, Thursday, Jan. 31, 2019

    Long Overdue? EU Passes New Resolution Calling For ‘Reparations’ to Africa

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    The debate over possible reparations to African countries that were colonised by Europe during the period between the late 1800s and 1900s has been raging for generations. Yet, no serious moves have been made up until now to call upon Europe to atone for its actions.

    The European Parliament has thrown its weight behind an unprecedented resolution that calls for reparations for "crimes" carried out in Africa during the era of European colonialism.

    The motion essentially aims to get EU constituent nations to enact reforms that will eliminate what it calls "structural racism" that are said to be experienced by Europeans of African origin. The examples given include apparent discrimination in housing and education, among other things.

    The resolution — given the nod of approval by 535 MEPs, with 80 votes against and 44 abstentions — also urges EU members to declassify government archives from the colonial era, a move that would reveal the grizzly details of European conduct across Africa during the age of empire. Furthermore, it calls upon those European states to issue public apologies for atrocities committed against Africans. 

    Yet, not everyone thinks the resolution is such a good idea.

    Moreover, the initiative says that strategies aimed at "workforce diversity and inclusion" should be sweepingly implemented across the EU, a move that would likely raise some eyebrows, considering the recent controversy over policies aimed at workforce diversity, including instances of so-called ‘positive discrimination' that have seen white males in countries like the UK pushed out of possible jobs in favour of people from backgrounds that are seen as historically oppressed.

    An extract of the resolution's text reads, "histories of injustices against Africans and people of African Descent — including enslavement, forced labour, racial apartheid, massacre, and genocides in the context of European colonialism and the transatlantic slave trade — remain largely unrecognised and unaccounted for at an institutional level in EU member states."

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    While the resolution is legally non-binding, it will likely be seen to social justice campaigners as a progressive step in the right direction. Many such groups in the West have long peddled the notion of so-called ‘white privilege,' which says that white people have enjoyed disproportionate benefits in areas like work, housing, education and politics over to the disadvantage of their black counterparts.

    Amel Yacef, who is the chair of the European Network Against Racism, told the Guardian in an interview that the bloc's vote was a "historic, watershed moment for the recognition of people of African decent in Europe."

    "The European parliament is leading the way and sending a signal to EU member states to tackle structural racism that prevents black people from being included in European society. The ball is now in their court: we need concrete action plans and specific measures now," she added.    

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    Tags:
    institutional racism, colonialism, reparations, European Union, European Parliament, Europe, Africa, Brussels
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