19:06 GMT19 April 2021
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    Last year, a report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute claimed that "China is in the middle of a significant modernisation and expansion" of its nuclear arsenal.

    Сhina is apparently developing the capability of launching advanced intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) from underground silos to swiftly retaliate against a possible nuclear attack, the AP news agency has cited US expert Hans Kristensen as saying.

    Kristensen, who is an analyst with the Federation of American Scientists, made the conclusion after he analysed a spate of commercial satellite photos that he recently obtained. According to him, the images indicate that China is looking to counter what it may perceive as an increasing threat from the US. The Pentagon has not commented on the matter yet.

    The analyst added that the pictures seemed to show China had started building at least 16 underground silos at a huge missile training range near Jilantai in the country's north-central area.

    Chinese military vehicles carrying DF-41 ballistic missiles roll during a parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of Communist China in Beijing, Tuesday, Oct. 1, 2019
    © AP Photo / Mark Schiefelbein
    Chinese military vehicles carrying DF-41 ballistic missiles roll during a parade to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of Communist China in Beijing, Tuesday, Oct. 1, 2019

    These silos add to the 20 that China already operates with an older ICBM, the DF-5, Kristensen explained, adding that "it would only constitute a fraction of the number of ICBM silos operated by the United States and Russia".

    AP reported that almost all of the silos tracked by Kristensen appeared to have been designed to accommodate the Chinese military's sophisticated DF-41 ICBM, which is capable of targeting Alaska and much of the continental United States.

    The newer-generation ICBM features a solid-fuel component that enables an operator to more quickly prepare the missile for launch as compared to the DF-5.

    The upper stage of the newly upgraded DF-5B Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile, as seen after the military parade held in Beijing on September 3, 2015
    The upper stage of the newly upgraded DF-5B Chinese intercontinental ballistic missile, as seen after the military parade held in Beijing on September 3, 2015

    Kristensen claimed that China's apparent push to develop silos where the DF-41s can be stationed shows that 'they're trying to build up the survivability of their [nuclear] force" and that "it raises some questions about this fine line in nuclear strategy".

    The claims come after the Pentagon argued in its annual report on Chinese military developments last summer that Beijing plans to boost the peacetime capability of its nuclear forces by placing more ICBMs in underground silos.

    "The PRC's nuclear weapons policy prioritises the maintenance of a nuclear force able to survive a first strike and respond with sufficient strength to inflict unacceptable damage on an enemy", the report asserted.

    A separate survey by the Carnegie-Tsinghua Centre for Global Policy in 2018 suggested that China is looking to increase its nuclear arsenal over concerns that its existing stockpile isn't strong enough to stand a chance against other countries.

    There are conflicting reports about the exact number of nuclear warheads China possesses, with some putting the figure at about 290 and a report by the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists singling out a stockpile of 350 nukes.

    Last year, China refused to join the Russia-US talks on the future of the last major arms control pact, the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), arguing that it only has a fraction of the nuclear arsenals wielded by Moscow and Washington.

    Related:

    Air-Launched Ballistic Missile Will Give China Complete Nuclear Triad - Pentagon
    China’s New Ballistic Missile Marks New Chapter in Global Nuclear Deterrence
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    threat, military, nuclear arsenal, ICBM, US, China
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