The state contract for the overhaul and modernisation of the T-90A tank, which yielded the T-90M, was concluded between the Defence Ministry and Uralvagonzavod at the Army 2019 forum in June.
The T-90M, a modification of the T-90A, was created in the framework of "Breakthrough-3". The key difference between the tank and previous models is the newly-designed turret module, which features multi-layer armour, and with the 125A 2A82-1M cannon, which is also used by the Armata tank.
The T-90M is equipped with a highly-automated Kalina fire control system, as well as a remotely controlled anti-aircraft machine gun with a 12.7-mm Kord MT machine gun. To protect against enemy fire, the tankfeatures anti-cumulative trellised screens and a Relict dynamic defence system. Crew comfort has been improved with air conditioning.