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    March 3, 2002 file photo shows a member of the public watching a US Air Force B 52 bomber arriving at RAF Fairford in western England. Pushing his vision of a nuclear weapons-free world, President Barack Obama returned to Prague on Thursday, April 8, 2010 to sign a pivotal treaty aimed at sharply paring U.S. and Russian arsenals — and repairing soured relations between the nations. With that, they will commit their nations to slash the number of strategic nuclear warheads by one-third and more than halve the number of missiles, submarines and bombers carrying them, pending ratification by their legislatures. The new treaty will shrink those warheads to 1,550 over seven years. That still allows for mutual destruction several times over. But it will send a strong signal that Russia and the U.S., which between them own more than 90 percent of the world's nuclear weapons, are serious about disarmament.

    Research Reveals US Air Force's Shortcomings in Long-Term Ops

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    Despite having invested heavily in the country’s air forces, and especially in the development of F-35 fighter jets, US forces still fail to cover all scenarios and could reportedly face severe difficulties in long-term missions.

    Recent research by the non-profit think tank RAND Corporation suggests that the US Air Force lacks capability to meet current and future demands. Researchers have analyzed how military equipment will perform in four plausible future scenarios — "cold wars with Russia and China," peace enforcement operations and counterterrorism missions.

    None of the aircraft performed perfectly in all four scenarios. Jets came the closest, having failed in just one of the scenarios after attaining only 64% of effectiveness in that particular one. Refueling aircraft also came close, with 90% in three scenarios, while only 32% in peace enforcement operations.

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    C3ISR/BM (command, control, communications, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance/battle management) platforms showed the poorest results with 84% in one scenario and from 29 to 63% in others. RAND explains the failure due to a high demand for such equipment, but lower than necessary supplies, creating shortfalls.

    The research also points out that the US Air Force's effectiveness drops significantly in missions that last more than a year. According to the think tank, such missions put high pressure demands on force structures and in its current state, the US air fleet can't cope with it effectively and requires a boost in contingency for that to happen.

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    RAND points out that the US Air Force needs to work out a solution for long-term missions based on an analysis of the flaws in the existing system and identify the shortfalls in current capacities using the experience from previous missions as a basis.

    The report comes amid news that the US Air Force at Iwakuni base on one of the Japanese islands has requested a supply of transportable lightning rods because the newest F-35 jets lack proper passive protection from lightning. According to the Pentagon, F-35 producer Lockheed Martin is already testing a system that will protect the jet's electronics in case it is struck by lightning.

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    shortfalls, research, report, US Air Force, RAND Corporation, United States
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