12:46 GMT27 November 2020
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    Russian presidential aide confirms receiving the advance payment for S-400 missile systems from Turkey.

    TULA (Sputnik) — Russia received an advance payment from Turkey for S-400 surface-to-air missile systems, Russian presidential aide Vladimir Kozhin said Friday.

    "Yes, we have received it. We cannot name the dates of supply yet. They want earlier [than 2019], but the issue is still being discussed," Kozhin told reporters.

    Last week, Ankara reportedly made the first payment on the delivery of Russian S-400 surface-to-air missiles to Turkey. The deal provoked a furor in Washington, prompting Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to respond by saying that his country was free to make independent decisions about its national security. US Senator Ben Cardin even proposed "automatic sanctions" against Ankara over the deal.

    The S-400 Triumf Mobile Multiple Anti-Aircraft Missile System (AAMS)
    © Sputnik
    The S-400 Triumf Mobile Multiple Anti-Aircraft Missile System (AAMS)

    Similar arguments have been made in Russia, although the tone has been more apprehensive, naturally. Armchair observers warned that the S-400's sale to a NATO state essentially gives the alliance the keys to defeating Russia's most powerful air defenses.

    Today, Turkey completely lacks long-range anti-aircraft missile capability. The military is equipped with medium-range MIM-14 Nike Hercules and MIM-23 Hawk missiles, US and NATO designs which were first introduced in the 50s and 60s. Its forces are also outfitted with short-range Rapier missiles, produced in the UK since the 1970s. These weapons are also considered obsolete.    

    The S-400 is a next-generation Russian air defense system. It carries three different types of missiles, capable of destroying aerial targets at short-to-extremely-long ranges. It is designed to track and destroy various types of aerial targets, from reconnaissance aircraft to ballistic missiles.    

    S-400, Turkey, Russia
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