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    Can't Hide From Kalibr: Russian Pacific Fleet Subs to Get Deadly Cruise Missile

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    The Russian Defense Ministry has confirmed its intent to equip four missile attack submarines in the Pacific Fleet with Kalibr cruise missiles. Military observer Boris Rozhin told Sputnik about the Kalibr's advantages over its predecessors, and what the future holds for the missile system.

    The Russian Defense Ministry intends to fit four of its Project 949A Antei (NATO codename 'Oscar') submarines in the Pacific Fleet with 3M-54 Kalibr cruise missiles, Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said. One sub is already undergoing upgrades, with three more in line under the 2018-2025 state armaments program.

    "The old Granit [naval anti-ship] cruise missiles will be replaced by Kalibrs, which proved themselves well, including in the Syrian conflict," Borisov said, during his visit to the Zvezda shipbuilding and engineering complex in the town of Bolshoy Kamen in Russia's Far East.

    The senior officer also confirmed that other shipboard systems on the subs will be replaced, effectively turning them into 'new vessels in an old shell.'

    Borisov explained that the upgrades are planned under the current and the next state armament programs. "At present, the [K-132] Irkutsk is being modernized, and will be completed in 2021; we are now discussing plans for the modernization of three more boats, under the next state armaments program for the years 2018-2025," he said.

    Russia's Pacific Fleet Antei-class submarines were commissioned between 1988 and 1996.

    The Kalibr land attack cruise missile
    © Wikipedia / Vitaly Kuzmin
    The Kalibr land attack cruise missile

    Asked to comment on the Defense Ministry's plans, Boris Rozhin, military observer and editor-in-chief of the Kassad information-analytical center, told Radio Sputnik that the Kalibr has a number of advantages over its Granit predecessor.

    "Kalibr is, in fact, the further development of the Granit missiles, which were developed in the Soviet Union in the 1960s and 1970s, and put into service in the 1980s," Rozhin recalled. 

    "At around the same time [that the Granit was adopted], design work began on the creation of next-generation missiles. Today, there are a number of systems designed for use on submarines, ships and the air force. Among the advantages of the Kalibr is its high accuracy compared to the Granit, and its smaller size."

    According to Rozhin, the latter feature "allows for more Kalibr missiles to be placed on a submarine than its Granit equivalent…This is a natural process in the evolution of our missile systems. New modifications of Kalibrs are being developed, as well as other promising missile systems which will replace the system in 10-15 years' time. It's looking like the Kalibr will be one of the main missiles of our armed forces in the coming years."

    Promising new systems include the 3M22 Zircon naval cruise missile, a missile with hypersonic capability that's expected to replace the Granit and Onyx; experts expect the new missile to be added to Russia's arsenal sometime between 2018 and 2020.

    As for the Kalibr, Rozhin emphasized that the system's impressive performance in Syria doubtlessly helped determine its fate.

    "The nature of the Syrian conflict made it possible to test [Kalibr] in combat conditions, from both surface ships and submarines, starting with the launches in 2015 and ending with the recent attacks on terrorist positions in central Syria," the expert recalled.

    "The launches were made from platforms including the Krasnodar [a Varshavyanka-class attack] sub, and the Admiral Essen frigate. Russia, in addition to carrying out the strategic tasks of assisting the Syrian government in the fight against terrorism, is also solving the tasks of breaking in new weapons and the modernization of the armed forces."

    Accordingly, Rozhin noted that the plans to incorporate Kalibr into more and more modern submarines is an indication that the system's combat experience has been successful. "Granit will gradually fade out. The system served well, but new realities of war require more advanced systems. Kalibr solves these tasks, for the moment," the observer concluded.

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    Tags:
    military expert, Kalibr, Antey submarine, Ministry of Defense, Russian Navy, Russia
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