09:03 GMT +315 December 2019
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    Khanderi, India’s second Scorpene class submarine is seen in the Arabian Sea after its launch at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited in Mumbai, India

    India Begins Sea Trial of Second Indigenous Submarine

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    The sea trial of India's second Scorpene class submarine Khanderi began on Thursday. After a four-year delay, the project is finally moving with the first submarine Kalvari due to be delivered to the Indian Navy next month.

    NEW DELHI (Sputnik) — Khanderi is the second of the six Scorpene class submarines being built in India at Mazagon Dock Limited with the collaboration of French shipbuilder DCNS.

    "Khanderi sailed out yesterday from Mumbai harbor for her maiden sea sortie. It was also the first major trial for her propulsion plant and a very important milestone in the construction program," an Indian Navy officer said on Friday.

    The successful trial moved the submarine a significant step closer to her induction into the Indian Navy later this year. The submarine will now be put through her paces via a rigorous set of trials. 

    "The first Scorpene, Kalvari, is presently being readied for delivery in July-August this year, after having been put through a grueling set of trials over the past year, including successful live missile and torpedo firings," Navy official added.

    The project has been delayed due to difficulties in absorbing technology from DCNS. The Indian government has expressed unhappiness over not up to the mark indigenization in the Scorpene project.

    The Indian Navy needs at least 24 submarines to maintain a minimum force level but it has only about 15 subs. Of the 15, half of them are used in a restricted manner or not at optimum level and are kept as war reserves. The Indian Navy expects the Scorpene class submarines, which operate very silently and are capable of multifarious roles, to add teeth to the might of the Indian Navy by strengthening its crucial Submarine Arm.

    Due to delayed projects and indecisiveness in procurement, the Indian Navy is unlikely to achieve its target of 198 ships and submarines by 2027. The present force level in the Navy is 121 ships, 15 submarines and 232 aircraft.

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    Khanderi submarine, Scorpene class submarine, Indian navy, India
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