02:13 GMT +320 September 2019
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    A Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) interceptor arrives at Osan Air Base in Pyeongtaek, South Korea, in this handout picture provided by the United States Forces Korea (USFK) and released by Yonhap on March 7, 2017. Picture taken on March 6, 2017

    Two Ways Pyongyang Can Bypass US-Made THAAD System in South Korea

    © REUTERS / USFK/Yonhap
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    The United States has begun installing its controversial Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) systems to ostensibly protect South Korea from potential missile threats from Pyongyang. Dr. Kelsey Davenport told Radio Sputnik that the anti-ballistic missile complex will not be able to fully shield the country.

    Davenport, Director for Nonproliferation Policy at the US-based Arms Control Association, mentioned two ways that the system developed in the 1990s could be bypassed.

    "You have to weigh the costs and benefits of THAAD. THAAD may be able to provide South Korea with some limited protection against a ballistic missile attack. However, THAAD can be overwhelmed if North Korea launched a barrage of missiles. North Korea could also use submarine-launch ballistic missile capabilities which it is currently developing to move outside of the THAAD radar and launch a ballistic missile attack from sea. So THAAD has some serious limitations in terms of providing protection for South Korea," she said.

    The analyst expressed doubt that deploying THAAD is the smartest move for both Washington and Seoul since the measure will most likely further complicate the already tense relations of the two allies with China.

    "And it certainly is not going to solve the North Korean nuclear and missile problem," she added.

    North Korea has made headlines with its latest ballistic missile test by launching four ballistic missiles deployed to the Tongchang-ri region into the Sea of Japan on Monday. The missiles are said to have covered a distance of approximately 1,000 kilometers (620 miles), with three landing as close as 300 kilometers (190 miles) from Japan's coast.

    The test took place days after the United States and South Korea kick-started massive military drills, known as Foal Eagle 2017. The war games were launched on March 1 and are expected to wrap up on April 30. Approximately 3,600 US troops were sent to South Korea, in addition to the 28,000 US service personnel already stationed in the country, to take part in the exercise.

    "The timing of these tests is certainly not a surprise. The US and South Korea are currently involved in joint military exercises and North Korea always views this as a source of provocation. Responses like ballistic missile tests are certainly par for the course during these exercises," the analyst said. "I think we will see a lot of condemnation and likely a discussion of whether or not there can be additional sanctions that can be imposed on North Korea this time to try and continue to halt new developments in North Korea's missile program."

    Davenport also suggested that the Trump administration has to reevaluate its policy towards North Korea and "really revise its approach."

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    Tags:
    North Korean missile, ballistic missile program, missile test, air defense, anti-ballistic missile defense, security, Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD), Kelsey Davenport, Democratic Republic of North Korea (DPRK), United States, South Korea
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