The Norwegian government's plan for the use of F-35s involves three possible scenarios. The first one implies a full-scale conflict with Russia and requires a full fleet of 52 aircraft for attacks inside Russia. In the second scenario, the Air Force should handle a momentary crisis in Norway, with twelve F-35s allocated for NATO operations abroad. The third model deals with operation of combat aircraft in peacetime.
In the first scenario, Russian ships and planes are expected to barge into Norwegian territorial waters. The answer from the Norwegian side is to employ all the 52 F-35 fighter aircraft, which are specifically scheduled to be built to avoid detection by radar and thus also evade the long-range Russian air defense missiles. This plan also involves attacking Russian warships and fighters in the Barents Sea and the Norwegian Sea, as well as targets in Russia. The scenario goes by the name "collection of power."
In the second scenario, Norway is expected to increase its contribution to NATO's international efforts. In the 2007 long-term plan for the Armed Forces, Norwegian parliament ruled that fighter jets should be able to uphold an international contribution of squadron size to NATO operations, while keeping the domestic demand for air control covered. This goal of being able to handle a momentary crisis in northern Norway and join an international mission abroad still applies. No less than twelve of the F-35 jets will be earmarked for NATO operations outside of the country.
Earlier, Norway voiced plans to procure 52 US combat aircraft, thus becoming one of the biggest F-35 buyers in Europe. According to previous estimates by the Ministry of Defense, the price tag will reach roughly 70 billion NOK (some $8.5 billion), whereas the total lifetime expenditure is expected to reach 261 billion NOK ($31.5 billion). The F-35 fleet will be stationed in Ørland, Sor-Trøndelag County, with a supplementary base in Evenes, Nordland County. The first F-35 aircraft are scheduled to arrive in Norway in 2017.