17:39 GMT15 April 2021
Listen Live
    Middle East
    Get short URL
    by
    6612
    Subscribe

    Ever since President Joe took office on 20 January, his aides have made it clear that the White House is considering repairing relations with the Palestinians.

    The Biden administration may push to make a two-state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict one of its foreign policy priorities, United Arab Emirates-based newspaper The National has cited unnamed soucrces as saying.

    The purported drive is part of the White House's plan to reset US ties with the Palestinians, which almost collapsed under former President Donald Trump, according to Washington's internal draft memo, a copy of which was obtained by The National.

    Part of the Jewish settlement of Maale Adumim, east of Jerusalem. Israel has approved 560 new homes for the West Bank settlement of Maale Adumim, a spokesman for the settlement said on July 4, 2016 in a move likely to raise tensions following a series of Palestinian attacks (File)
    © AFP 2021 / Ahmad Gharabli
    Part of the Jewish settlement of Maale Adumim, east of Jerusalem. Israel has approved 560 new homes for the West Bank settlement of Maale Adumim, a spokesman for the settlement said on July 4, 2016 in a move likely to raise tensions following a series of Palestinian attacks (File)

    According to the newspaper, the document is titled "The US- Palestinian Reset and the Path Forward".

    The draft memo, which is now in an early "working stage", reportedly aims to form the basis for reversing Trump's approach to the simmering conflict between the Palestinians and Israel.

    The National cited a portion of the memo as saying that the US vision is "to advance freedom, security, and prosperity for both Israelis and Palestinians in the immediate term".

    Additionally, the document ostensibly stipulates that $15 million in COVID-19 pandemic aid to the Palestinians could be announced by the US by the end of March.

    In line with the memo, the Biden administration also plans to take a tougher stance on Israeli settlement activities and mention efforts "to obtain a Palestinian commitment to end payments to individuals imprisoned (by Israel) for acts of terrorism".

    On the two-state solution, the White House may back a two-state framework "based on the 1967 lines with mutually agreed land swaps and agreements on security and refugees", according to the memo.

    Biden Signals 'Steadfast Support' for Israel, US Envoy Says

    The reported developments come after acting US Ambassador to the UN Richard Mills said in late January that President Joe Biden backs a two-state solution between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, but will "maintain its steadfast support" for the Jewish state.

    Mills also signalled America's support for a "viable Palestinian state", stressing that the Biden administration plans to take steps to reopen the Palestinian diplomatic mission in Washington, previously closed by former US President Donald Trump.

    The former POTUS also angered the Palestinians back in December 2017, when he announced his decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital and instructed the US State Department to launch the process of moving the US Embassy, located in Tel Aviv, to Jerusalem.

    Panorama of Jerusalem
    © CC0
    Panorama of Jerusalem

    Mills' remarks followed US Secretary of State Antony Blinken stressing that "the only way to ensure Israel's future as a Jewish, democratic state and to give the Palestinians a state to which they are entitled is through the so-called two-state solution".

    He added, however, that "realistically it's hard to see near-term prospects for moving forward on that".

    Two-State Solution

    The two-state solution stipulates creating a Palestinian state that will peacefully cooperate with the existing State of Israel, something that is expected to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict and serve as a foundation for lasting peace in the Middle East.

    For years, the Palestinians have been seeking diplomatic recognition for a state on the territories of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. 

    The Israeli government, as well as a number of countries, such as France, the US, the UK, and Germany, refuses to recognise the Palestinian Authority as an independent political and diplomatic entity, going ahead with the construction of settlements in the occupied areas despite objections from the UN.

    Under the Middle East peace plan unveiled by Trump in late January 2020, Israel would incorporate settlements in the West Bank and the Jordan Valley and keep Jerusalem as its "undivided capital".

    The Palestinians were offered the adjacent village of Abu Dis as their capital and $50 billion in investments to "spur" their economy, a blueprint that was harshly criticised by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas.

    Related:

    ‘A Day of Rage’: Palestinians to Protest US Decision on Israeli Settlements
    Dozens of Palestinians Injured During Clashes With Israeli Military in West Bank - Reports
    Israeli Politicians Are All the Same, Peace Not Their Top Priority - Palestinian Political Expert
    Tags:
    Donald Trump, policy, relations, Joe Biden, Palestinian Authority, Israel, US
    Community standardsDiscussion