"We are deeply concerned about Serbia's decision to move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. The annexation of Jerusalem by Israel was rejected by the international community and the United Nations", the Turkish ministry said, adding that "the relocation by any country of its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem is a clear violation of international law".
The statement cited several UN resolutions as holding that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict had no other solution but a recognition of the independent Palestinian state with its capital in East Jerusalem, as per the 1967 borders.
On Friday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said that Serbia would move its embassy to Jerusalem by next July, becoming the first European country to do so. The decision was mediated by the United States, which was the first to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem back in 2018.
Jerusalem, which was occupied by Israel in the course of the Six-Day War in 1967, is currently a non-negotiable item for the Palestinians, as are the occupied territories in the West Bank and Jordan River Valley where Israel has been building settlements. The Israeli government, in turn, has refused to recognize Palestine as a sovereign state and deemed the expansion of its settlements legitimate, despite objections from the United Nations.
In December of 2017, US President Donald Trump announced that Washington would move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, which meant that the US formally recognized Jerusalem as Israel's undivided capital. The new embassy opened half a year later, with Israel hoping that it would prompt a mass relocation of embassies to the previously tabooed city, especially on the part of the European Union.
So far, only Guatemala followed the US' lead and opened an embassy in Jerusalem two days later, on 16 May 2018.