05:43 GMT25 October 2020
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    On Wednesday, Tehran announced that it successfully sent into orbit its first military satellite called "Noor" (Persian for Light), launched via a domestically-built carrier named "Qassed" (Envoy).

    Following an announcement by Tehran about the successful launch of a new military satellite, the vice chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, General John Hyten, refused to confirm that it had reached its designated orbit (425 kilometres or 624 miles).

    The United States Air Force's 18th Space Control Squadron (18 SPCS) later on Wednesday tweeted that it had "tracked 2 objects, NOOR 01 (Sat Catalog No. 45529), QASED Rocket Body (45530) from #space launch originating in Iran". 

    Following the 18 SPSC tweet, a tweet from the US Space Command followed, saying that SPACECOM "monitors #space w best surveillance network/missile warning capability in the world".

    The recently-established structure responsible for US military operations in space, noted that both the US Department of Defence and Space Force Chief of Space Operations Gen. Jay Raymond were "watching Iran’s pursuit of viable space launch tech/overall ballistic missile prog confident in our ability to #deter #defend all Iranian aggression".

    Following the launch of the Noor satellite, described in Iranian media as the nation's "first multi-purpose satellite with application in the defence industry among other areas", US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned that Iran "needs to be held accountable for what they have done”, claiming that by launching the satellite into earth orbit, Tehran had violated UN Security Council Resolution 2231.

    The latter, adopted in 2015 following the successful sealing of the Iran nuclear deal, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), provided for the termination of a variety of sanctions in place against Iran at the time.

    The resolution, while calling on Iran "not to undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles designed to be capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using such ballistic missile technology", does not explicitly prohibit Tehran from launching satellites.

    Related:

    Iran Doubles Down on Plans to Launch Imaging Satellites Despite US Sanctions, Launch Failures
    European States' Decision to Launch Dispute Resolution Mechanism May Doom Iran Nuclear Deal - Moscow
    Iran to Launch Zafar Satellite at Earliest Possible Opportunity – Defence Ministry
    Tags:
    Satellite, Middle East, Iran
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