Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson briefed journalists on the results of the Friday meeting, which was initially intended to take 30 minutes, but lasted for over two hours. They said that the two leaders had managed to give a logical continuation to Syria peace talks hosted by Astana, which wrapped up just a day before.
Three ceasefire guarantor states, Russia, Turkey and Iran, with help of Jordan and the US as observers, have been trying to coordinate a whole range of specifics of the establishment of four de-escalation zones in Syria.
"Experts from Russia, the United States and Jordan completed their work today in the capital of Jordan, Amman. They agreed a memorandum on the establishment of a de-escalation zone in southwestern Syria: in Daraa, Quneitra and As-Suwayda provinces, which will have a ceasefire in force from midday, Damascus time, on July 9," Lavrov told reporters immediately after the Trump-Putin meeting.
Security around the country’s southwest will be provided by Russian military police in coordination with the Americans and Jordanians.
Those include the Persian Gulf monarchies, first of, who are the main sponsors of the radical opposition in Syria, the political analyst told the news channel RT . These agreements bring no benefits to them as they realistically guarantee the retention of power, and not mere survival, of President Assad. This puts an end to any attempts to oust him from power in the coming years.
Stanislav Tarasov, a political analyst and specialist in Middle East studies, however, thinks that the main opponent to the agreements between Russia and the US is Iran, which fears the federalization of Syria, Iraq and potential federalization of Turkey because of the Kurdish factor. Moreover, the US analysts had always planned to force their way into Iran on Kurdish shoulders, he said.
The setup of the de-escalation zone in the southwest of Syria is connected with the position of Israel, the analysts said. Israel, they said, does not want Hezbollah and Iranian troops on its borders, and the safe zone is adjacent to the Golan Heights.
From these points of view, the agreements on Syria between Presidents Putin and Trump are a real breakthrough and could be regarded as the main achievement of their first personal encounter, the expert concluded.