The Turkish-led Euphrates Shield operation against militants of Daesh, which is outlawed in Russia and many other countries, has been ongoing in northern Syria since late August 2016. The Turkish forces, with assistance from Syrian opposition fighters are currently conducting offensive on al-Bab. The proclaimed aim of the operation is to clear the region from terrorists and make it a safety zone for refugees.
The operation has been widely criticized both by the Syrian Kurds and Damascus, who have accused Ankara of violating Syria's territorial integrity.
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